Hadhramout is one of the Yemeni Governorates.It lies in the south east of Yemen .It has integral geographical terrains reflecting diversified rich tourist structures . They include costal plains on the Arabian Sea , mountains and plateaus at a height of 2000 meters above the sea level and large areas of Ar-Ruba' Al-Khali. It also includes Wadi Hadhramout which is one of the largest and most fertile Wadies in the Arabian Peninsula at a length of 165 km. Hadhramout has a glorious past and ancient history.
The studies carried out in Wadi Hadhramout confirm that the southern part of the Arabian peninsula has been settled by mankind for more than 700,000 years in Hadhramout ,was one of the oldest Yemeni states whose civilization flourished in the middle of the first millennium BC.
It's economic structure largely depended on the commodity of Frankincense . In addition , there were other commercial activities via land and sea roads. It was also interested in agriculture, building of towns, establishing dams and canals, protecting trade routes by castles and fortifications, and establishing temples in its capital Shabwa and other Hadhramout towns.
Then came the time of its weakness following the recession of incense trade. The incense was prohibited in Christian churches. The other reason was the transformation of trade road from the desert to the main plateau which was starting from Aden via Dhafar and Sana'a to Mecca. By the 4th century AD, the himyarite king completed his domination over the oldest regions of Yemeni states. From Raydan the royal palace at Dhafar, he announced his new title "The King of Saba, Dhi Raydan, Hadhramout and Yemenat".
It lies at the coast of Arabian Sea about 777 km from the capital Sana'a. It is the capital of the Governorate of Hadhramout and one of the Yemeni seaports on the Arabian Sea. It was known as "Khisa" or "Bandar Jacob". The name of Mukalla came late. The city was firstly settled by fishers who came from neighboring regions.
There the emirate Al-Kassad was established, in the year 1115 A.H (18th century AD). It was a capital of Quaiti Sultanate. The old city of Mukalla is characterized by a unique architectural design which was prevailing in the cities overlooking the coasts of Arabian Sea and the ports of Red Sea like Ahqaba, Jeddah, Hudaida, Mukha and Aden, during the 18th and 19th centuries. All these cities lost their original architectural fabric and nothing remains but Mukalla type which combines the elements of Yemeni architectural and design of southeast Asia .
Husn All-Ghuwazyi : Is one of the most important sights of Mukalla at the entrance of the city, built in (1884 AD).
Ma'in palace: which was built by sultan Omar Awadh Al-Quaiti. Mukalla museum currently occupies a large part of it.
Mukalla is reputed for the production of gypsum.
Mukalla is greatly expanding today, thanks to the renovation of its seaport and the extension of its beautiful coasts at the Arabian Sea like Khalf beach.
The number of houses is a little more than 500. Most of the houses have four to seven stories. Because the town is built so low, it is vulnerable to floods and was partly destroyed by floods in 1532 AD.
Starting 1980, Shibam was declared by of a UNESCO as a world monument and initiated a program to safeguard its cultural heritage. It is sometimes known as ''Manhattan Desert".
It was the capital of Kathiri Sultanate for the period between 1400 and 1967 AD. It is the current administrative center of Wadi Hadhramout and the
largest city there. Say'un is 320 KM north of Mukalla. Its economy was greatly boosted in the 15th century AD, when Sultan Badr Abu Twairiq (982 A.H-16th century AD) made it a capital of his state.
Say'un Grand Mosque; dates back to the 11th century A.H (17th century AD).
The palace of Sultan Al-Kathiri; Is the most important tourist and historical site there. It was built of clay brick and
decorated with gypsum. It is characterized by beautiful artistic elements reflecting the Arab Islamic and far east architectural elements. The museum occupies part of this palace, whereas the other part is occupied by a public library.
Among the sights of Say'un is the market of traditional and handmade products. Say'un is surrounded by of palm groves and several
Tarim is situated on the east bank of Wadi Hadhramout some 35 km to the northeast of
Say'un. It has received much attention in the historical narratives for the importance of its role throughout the ages. The town was a capital of Kinda
Kings for a period of time. After Islam, it became one of the religious centers. Until recently, it was a town of knowledge and one of the most important teaching centers in Yemen. Tarim was the capital of Kathiri Sultanate
A lot of its inhabitants emigrated to the western coast of India and established commercial settlements in Singapore and
Indonesia since 1220fiV.
Many of the emigrants used to return to Tarim, and build a mosque "thanks to God for safe return". Then the emigrant
starts to build a luxurious house reflecting the volume of wealth he had earned. Thus, the architectural movement developed and many houses and palaces were built. They introduced new styles mixing between southeast Asian character and local design. Tarim's houses are beautiful surrounded by palm trees.
Tarim Citadel is an important historical site of the town. There are also a number of old fortifications and castles, the most important of which are Al-U'rr fortress (Husn), Al-Muhdar Mosque (1915,jIVJ, its 125 foot-high square minaret, and Al-Ahgaff library which is one of the most important Yemeni houses of manuscripts.
It is 8 km east of Tarim. It is a beautiful village dates back to the 16th century. It has a distinguished design of religious tombs and shrines in addition to some unique architectural structures.
Hadhramout is a land of prophets and messengers. There lie the tombs of the Prophet Hud and the prophet Saleh (peace be upon them). There are also the
seasonal festivals of religious nature at specific sites near some famous tombs.
Among these sites is the tomb of the Prophet Hud (peace be upon him) which is 90 km east of Tarim. The date of the pilgrimage
is from 6th until 12th of the month of Shaa'ban, every year. A seasonal market is held on the occasion of the pilgrimage. There are also a number of tombs like the tomb of the Prophet Saleh (peace be upon him), the tomb of the holy man Ahmed Ibn Isa AlMuhajir and the tombs of Mashhad on the way to AlHajarayn.
It is some 90 km from Say'un. Mashhad is a small village with some fine tombs. The tomb of Sheikh Ali Ibn Hassan Al-Attas, died in 1127 A.H. (18th
century AD) was reputedly rebuilt in the 1830s. The tomb is annually visited during the period (8-16) of the month Rabia' Al-Awal every year. Here, also a local market is held at the same time.
It is 94 km from Say'un near the outlet of Wadi Dawa'an into Wadi Hadhramout. It is one of the most important archeological sites dates back to the
10th century BC. Not much of it remains today but only few ruins of old temples, a part of the old city, and an old irrigation network.
There are a number of tributaries for Wadi Hadhramout including Wadi Dawa'an, Wadi A'ian, Wadi Amad and Wadi Sar. Wadi Dawa'an is
considered the most important and famous one. Along the valley a number of beautiful villages are spreading, representing the majesty of Yemeni architecture.
Wadi Dawa'an is also well reputed for the production of super quality of honey which made it famous everywhere.
Hajarayn literally means "the tow cities" in the old Yemeni language. It is one of the most beautiful villages in Yemen, in general, and in
Wadi Hadhramout, in particular. It is a remarkable stone village atop a rocky slope of Wadi Hajarayn over-looking a forest of palm trees. It is one of the most ancient villages in Wadi Hadhramout. There are a lot of beautiful villages at the two banks of Wadi like Seef, Budha, Rashid and AlKhuraiba.
Here is a traditional building
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